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    Farthest Frontier

    Module:Protection banner

    Lua error in Module:Lua_banner at line 113: attempt to index field 'edit' (a nil value). This module creates protection banners and padlock icons that are placed at the top of protected pages.

    Usage[edit source]

    Most users will not need to use this module directly. For adding protection templates to pages you can use the {{pp}} template, or you may find it more convenient to use one of the more specific protection templates in the table below.

    Template:Protection templates

    From wikitext[edit source]

    {{#invoke:Protection banner|main
    | 1        = reason
    | small    = yes/no
    | action   = action
    | date     = protection date
    | user     = username
    | section  = talk page section name
    | category = no
    }}
    

    The #invoke syntax can be used for creating protection templates more specific than {{pp}}. For example, it is possible to create a protection template which always shows a padlock icon by using the code {{#invoke:Protection banner|main|small=yes}}. Pages which call this template will still be able to use other arguments, like action. However, this only works one level deep; a page calling a template which calls another template containing the above code will not automatically be able to use parameters like action.

    Note: You should no longer specify the expiry, as it is automatically retrieved in all cases.

    From Lua[edit source]

    First, load the module.

    local mProtectionBanner = require('Module:Protection banner')
    

    Then you can make protection banners by using the _main function.

    mProtectionBanner._main(args, cfg, titleObj)
    

    args is a table of arguments to pass to the module. For possible keys and values for this table, see the parameters section. The cfg and titleObj variables are intended only for testing; cfg specifies a customised config table to use instead of Module:Protection banner/config, and titleObj specifies a mw.title object to use instead of the current title. args, cfg and titleObj are all optional.

    Parameters[edit source]

    All parameters are optional.

    • 1 – the reason that the page was protected. If set, this must be one of the values listed in the reasons table.
    • small – if set to "yes", "y", "1", or "true", a padlock icon is generated instead of a full protection banner.
    • action – the protection action. Must be one of "edit" (for normal protection), "move" (for move-protection) or "autoreview" (for pending changes). The default value is "edit".
    • date – the protection date. This must be valid input to the second parameter of the #time parser function. This argument has an effect for reasons that use the PROTECTIONDATE parameter in their configuration. As of July 2014, those were the "office" and "reset" reasons.
    • user – the username of the user to generate links for. As of July 2014, this only has an effect when the "usertalk" reason is specified.
    • section – the section name of the protected page's talk page where discussion is taking place. This works for most, but not all, values of reason.
    • category – categories are suppressed if this is set to "no", "n", "0", or "false".
    • catonly – if set to "yes", "y", "1", or "true", will only return the protection categories, and not return the banner or padlock. This has no visible output.

    Reasons[edit source]

    The following table contains the available reasons, plus the actions for which they are available.

    Reason Action Description
    blp edit For pages protected to promote compliance with the biographies of living persons policy
    dispute edit For pages protected due to editing disputes
    dmca edit For pages protected by the Wikimedia Foundation due to Digital Millennium Copyright Act takedown requests
    ecp edit For articles in topic areas authorized by ArbCom or meets the criteria for community use
    mainpage edit For pages protected for being displayed on the Main Page
    office edit For pages protected by the Wikimedia Foundation
    reset edit For pages protected by the Wikimedia Foundation and "reset" to a bare-bones version
    sock edit For pages protected due to sock puppetry
    template edit For high-risk templates and Lua modules
    usertalk edit For pages protected against disruptive edits by a particular user
    vandalism edit For pages protected against vandalism
    dispute move For pages protected against page moves due to disputes over the page title
    vandalism move For pages protected against page-move vandalism

    Errors[edit source]

    Below is a list of some of the common errors that this module can produce, and how to fix them.

    Invalid protection date[edit source]

    Error: invalid protection date ("abc")

    This error is produced if you supply a |date= parameter value that is not recognised as a valid date by the #time parser function. If in doubt, you can just use a date in the format "dd Month YYYY", e.g. "8 March 2024". To see a full range of valid inputs, see the #time documentation (only the first parameter, the format string, may be specified).

    Invalid action[edit source]

    Error: invalid action ("abc")

    This error is produced if you specify an invalid protection action. There are only three valid actions: edit (the default, for normal protection), move (for move-protection), and autoreview (for pending changes). This should only be possible if you are using a template that supports manually specifying the protection action, such as {{pp}}, or if you are using #invoke directly. If this is not the case, please leave a message on Module talk:Protection banner.

    Reasons cannot contain the pipe character[edit source]

    Error: reasons cannot contain the pipe character ("|")

    This error is produced if you specify a reason using the |1= parameter that includes a pipe character ("|"). Please check that you are not entering the {{!}} template into this parameter by mistake. The pipe character is disallowed as the module uses it internally. A list of valid reasons can be seen in the reasons section.

    Other errors[edit source]

    If you see an error other than the ones above, it is likely to either be a bug in the module or mistake in the configuration. Please post a message about it at Module talk:Protection banner.

    Technical details[edit source]

    This module uses configuration data from Module:Protection banner/config. Most of the module's behaviour can be configured there, making it easily portable across different wikis and different languages.

    General test cases for the module can be found at Module:Protection banner/testcases, and test cases specific to enwiki's config can be found at Module:Protection banner/config/testcases.

    Bug reports and feature requests should be made on the module's talk page.


    -- This module implements {{pp-meta}} and its daughter templates such as
    -- {{pp-dispute}}, {{pp-vandalism}} and {{pp-sock}}.
    
    -- Initialise necessary modules.
    require('Module:No globals')
    local makeFileLink = require('Module:File link')._main
    local effectiveProtectionLevel = require('Module:Effective protection level')._main
    local effectiveProtectionExpiry = require('Module:Effective protection expiry')._main
    local yesno = require('Module:Yesno')
    
    -- Lazily initialise modules and objects we don't always need.
    local getArgs, makeMessageBox, lang
    
    -- Set constants.
    local CONFIG_MODULE = 'Module:Protection banner/config'
    
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    -- Helper functions
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    local function makeCategoryLink(cat, sort)
    	if cat then
    		return string.format(
    			'[[%s:%s|%s]]',
    			mw.site.namespaces[14].name,
    			cat,
    			sort
    		)
    	end
    end
    
    -- Validation function for the expiry and the protection date
    local function validateDate(dateString, dateType)
    	if not lang then
    		lang = mw.language.getContentLanguage()
    	end
    	local success, result = pcall(lang.formatDate, lang, 'U', dateString)
    	if success then
    		result = tonumber(result)
    		if result then
    			return result
    		end
    	end
    	error(string.format(
    		'invalid %s: %s',
    		dateType,
    		tostring(dateString)
    	), 4)
    end
    
    local function makeFullUrl(page, query, display)
    	return string.format(
    		'[%s %s]',
    		tostring(mw.uri.fullUrl(page, query)),
    		display
    	)
    end
    
    -- Given a directed graph formatted as node -> table of direct successors,
    -- get a table of all nodes reachable from a given node (though always
    -- including the given node).
    local function getReachableNodes(graph, start)
    	local toWalk, retval = {[start] = true}, {}
    	while true do
    		-- Can't use pairs() since we're adding and removing things as we're iterating
    		local k = next(toWalk) -- This always gets the "first" key
    		if k == nil then
    			return retval
    		end
    		toWalk[k] = nil
    		retval[k] = true
    		for _,v in ipairs(graph[k]) do
    			if not retval[v] then
    				toWalk[v] = true
    			end
    		end
    	end
    end
    
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    -- Protection class
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    local Protection = {}
    Protection.__index = Protection
    
    Protection.supportedActions = {
    	edit = true,
    	move = true,
    	autoreview = true,
    	upload = true
    }
    
    Protection.bannerConfigFields = {
    	'text',
    	'explanation',
    	'tooltip',
    	'alt',
    	'link',
    	'image'
    }
    
    function Protection.new(args, cfg, title)
    	local obj = {}
    	obj._cfg = cfg
    	obj.title = title or mw.title.getCurrentTitle()
    
    	-- Set action
    	if not args.action then
    		obj.action = 'edit'
    	elseif Protection.supportedActions[args.action] then
    		obj.action = args.action
    	else
    		error(string.format(
    			'invalid action: %s',
    			tostring(args.action)
    		), 3)
    	end
    
    	-- Set level
    	obj.level = args.demolevel or effectiveProtectionLevel(obj.action, obj.title)
    	if not obj.level or (obj.action == 'move' and obj.level == 'autoconfirmed') then
    		-- Users need to be autoconfirmed to move pages anyway, so treat
    		-- semi-move-protected pages as unprotected.
    		obj.level = '*'
    	end
    
    	-- Set expiry
    	local effectiveExpiry = effectiveProtectionExpiry(obj.action, obj.title)
    	if effectiveExpiry == 'infinity' then
    		obj.expiry = 'indef'
    	elseif effectiveExpiry ~= 'unknown' then
    		obj.expiry = validateDate(effectiveExpiry, 'expiry date')
    	end
    
    	-- Set reason
    	if args[1] then
    		obj.reason = mw.ustring.lower(args[1])
    		if obj.reason:find('|') then
    			error('reasons cannot contain the pipe character ("|")', 3)
    		end
    	end
    
    	-- Set protection date
    	if args.date then
    		obj.protectionDate = validateDate(args.date, 'protection date')
    	end
    	
    	-- Set banner config
    	do
    		obj.bannerConfig = {}
    		local configTables = {}
    		if cfg.banners[obj.action] then
    			configTables[#configTables + 1] = cfg.banners[obj.action][obj.reason]
    		end
    		if cfg.defaultBanners[obj.action] then
    			configTables[#configTables + 1] = cfg.defaultBanners[obj.action][obj.level]
    			configTables[#configTables + 1] = cfg.defaultBanners[obj.action].default
    		end
    		configTables[#configTables + 1] = cfg.masterBanner
    		for i, field in ipairs(Protection.bannerConfigFields) do
    			for j, t in ipairs(configTables) do
    				if t[field] then
    					obj.bannerConfig[field] = t[field]
    					break
    				end
    			end
    		end
    	end
    	return setmetatable(obj, Protection)
    end
    
    function Protection:isUserScript()
    	-- Whether the page is a user JavaScript or CSS page.
    	local title = self.title
    	return title.namespace == 2 and (
    		title.contentModel == 'javascript' or title.contentModel == 'css'
    	)
    end
    
    function Protection:isProtected()
    	return self.level ~= '*'
    end
    
    function Protection:shouldShowLock()
    	-- Whether we should output a banner/padlock
    	return self:isProtected() and not self:isUserScript()
    end
    
    -- Whether this page needs a protection category.
    Protection.shouldHaveProtectionCategory = Protection.shouldShowLock
    
    function Protection:isTemporary()
    	return type(self.expiry) == 'number'
    end
    
    function Protection:makeProtectionCategory()
    	if not self:shouldHaveProtectionCategory() then
    		return ''
    	end
    
    	local cfg = self._cfg
    	local title = self.title
    	
    	-- Get the expiry key fragment.
    	local expiryFragment
    	if self.expiry == 'indef' then
    		expiryFragment = self.expiry
    	elseif type(self.expiry) == 'number' then
    		expiryFragment = 'temp'
    	end
    
    	-- Get the namespace key fragment.
    	local namespaceFragment = cfg.categoryNamespaceKeys[title.namespace]
    	if not namespaceFragment and title.namespace % 2 == 1 then
    			namespaceFragment = 'talk'
    	end
    
    	-- Define the order that key fragments are tested in. This is done with an
    	-- array of tables containing the value to be tested, along with its
    	-- position in the cfg.protectionCategories table.
    	local order = {
    		{val = expiryFragment,    keypos = 1},
    		{val = namespaceFragment, keypos = 2},
    		{val = self.reason,       keypos = 3},
    		{val = self.level,        keypos = 4},
    		{val = self.action,       keypos = 5}
    	}
    
    	--[[
    	-- The old protection templates used an ad-hoc protection category system,
    	-- with some templates prioritising namespaces in their categories, and
    	-- others prioritising the protection reason. To emulate this in this module
    	-- we use the config table cfg.reasonsWithNamespacePriority to set the
    	-- reasons for which namespaces have priority over protection reason.
    	-- If we are dealing with one of those reasons, move the namespace table to
    	-- the end of the order table, i.e. give it highest priority. If not, the
    	-- reason should have highest priority, so move that to the end of the table
    	-- instead.
    	--]]
    	table.insert(order, table.remove(order, self.reason and cfg.reasonsWithNamespacePriority[self.reason] and 2 or 3))
     
    	--[[
    	-- Define the attempt order. Inactive subtables (subtables with nil "value"
    	-- fields) are moved to the end, where they will later be given the key
    	-- "all". This is to cut down on the number of table lookups in
    	-- cfg.protectionCategories, which grows exponentially with the number of
    	-- non-nil keys. We keep track of the number of active subtables with the
    	-- noActive parameter.
    	--]]
    	local noActive, attemptOrder
    	do
    		local active, inactive = {}, {}
    		for i, t in ipairs(order) do
    			if t.val then
    				active[#active + 1] = t
    			else
    				inactive[#inactive + 1] = t
    			end
    		end
    		noActive = #active
    		attemptOrder = active
    		for i, t in ipairs(inactive) do
    			attemptOrder[#attemptOrder + 1] = t
    		end
    	end
     
    	--[[
    	-- Check increasingly generic key combinations until we find a match. If a
    	-- specific category exists for the combination of key fragments we are
    	-- given, that match will be found first. If not, we keep trying different
    	-- key fragment combinations until we match using the key
    	-- "all-all-all-all-all".
    	--
    	-- To generate the keys, we index the key subtables using a binary matrix
    	-- with indexes i and j. j is only calculated up to the number of active
    	-- subtables. For example, if there were three active subtables, the matrix
    	-- would look like this, with 0 corresponding to the key fragment "all", and
    	-- 1 corresponding to other key fragments.
    	-- 
    	--   j 1  2  3
    	-- i  
    	-- 1   1  1  1
    	-- 2   0  1  1
    	-- 3   1  0  1
    	-- 4   0  0  1
    	-- 5   1  1  0
    	-- 6   0  1  0
    	-- 7   1  0  0
    	-- 8   0  0  0
    	-- 
    	-- Values of j higher than the number of active subtables are set
    	-- to the string "all".
    	--
    	-- A key for cfg.protectionCategories is constructed for each value of i.
    	-- The position of the value in the key is determined by the keypos field in
    	-- each subtable.
    	--]]
    	local cats = cfg.protectionCategories
    	for i = 1, 2^noActive do
    		local key = {}
    		for j, t in ipairs(attemptOrder) do
    			if j > noActive then
    				key[t.keypos] = 'all'
    			else
    				local quotient = i / 2 ^ (j - 1)
    				quotient = math.ceil(quotient)
    				if quotient % 2 == 1 then
    					key[t.keypos] = t.val
    				else
    					key[t.keypos] = 'all'
    				end
    			end
    		end
    		key = table.concat(key, '|')
    		local attempt = cats[key]
    		if attempt then
    			return makeCategoryLink(attempt, title.text)
    		end
    	end
    	return ''
    end
    
    function Protection:isIncorrect()
    	local expiry = self.expiry
    	return not self:shouldHaveProtectionCategory()
    		or type(expiry) == 'number' and expiry < os.time()
    end
    
    function Protection:isTemplateProtectedNonTemplate()
    	local action, namespace = self.action, self.title.namespace
    	return self.level == 'templateeditor'
    		and (
    			(action ~= 'edit' and action ~= 'move')
    			or (namespace ~= 10 and namespace ~= 828)
    		)
    end
    
    function Protection:makeCategoryLinks()
    	local msg = self._cfg.msg
    	local ret = {self:makeProtectionCategory()}
    	if self:isIncorrect() then
    		ret[#ret + 1] = makeCategoryLink(
    			msg['tracking-category-incorrect'],
    			self.title.text
    		)
    	end
    	if self:isTemplateProtectedNonTemplate() then
    		ret[#ret + 1] = makeCategoryLink(
    			msg['tracking-category-template'],
    			self.title.text
    		)
    	end
    	return table.concat(ret)
    end
    
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    -- Blurb class
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    local Blurb = {}
    Blurb.__index = Blurb
    
    Blurb.bannerTextFields = {
    	text = true,
    	explanation = true,
    	tooltip = true,
    	alt = true,
    	link = true
    }
    
    function Blurb.new(protectionObj, args, cfg)
    	return setmetatable({
    		_cfg = cfg,
    		_protectionObj = protectionObj,
    		_args = args
    	}, Blurb)
    end
    
    -- Private methods --
    
    function Blurb:_formatDate(num)
    	-- Formats a Unix timestamp into dd Month, YYYY format.
    	lang = lang or mw.language.getContentLanguage()
    	local success, date = pcall(
    		lang.formatDate,
    		lang,
    		self._cfg.msg['expiry-date-format'] or 'j F Y',
    		'@' .. tostring(num)
    	)
    	if success then
    		return date
    	end
    end
    
    function Blurb:_getExpandedMessage(msgKey)
    	return self:_substituteParameters(self._cfg.msg[msgKey])
    end
    
    function Blurb:_substituteParameters(msg)
    	if not self._params then
    		local parameterFuncs = {}
    
    		parameterFuncs.CURRENTVERSION     = self._makeCurrentVersionParameter
    		parameterFuncs.EDITREQUEST        = self._makeEditRequestParameter
    		parameterFuncs.EXPIRY             = self._makeExpiryParameter
    		parameterFuncs.EXPLANATIONBLURB   = self._makeExplanationBlurbParameter
    		parameterFuncs.IMAGELINK          = self._makeImageLinkParameter
    		parameterFuncs.INTROBLURB         = self._makeIntroBlurbParameter
    		parameterFuncs.INTROFRAGMENT      = self._makeIntroFragmentParameter
    		parameterFuncs.PAGETYPE           = self._makePagetypeParameter
    		parameterFuncs.PROTECTIONBLURB    = self._makeProtectionBlurbParameter
    		parameterFuncs.PROTECTIONDATE     = self._makeProtectionDateParameter
    		parameterFuncs.PROTECTIONLEVEL    = self._makeProtectionLevelParameter
    		parameterFuncs.PROTECTIONLOG      = self._makeProtectionLogParameter
    		parameterFuncs.TALKPAGE           = self._makeTalkPageParameter
    		parameterFuncs.TOOLTIPBLURB       = self._makeTooltipBlurbParameter
    		parameterFuncs.TOOLTIPFRAGMENT    = self._makeTooltipFragmentParameter
    		parameterFuncs.VANDAL             = self._makeVandalTemplateParameter
    		
    		self._params = setmetatable({}, {
    			__index = function (t, k)
    				local param
    				if parameterFuncs[k] then
    					param = parameterFuncs[k](self)
    				end
    				param = param or ''
    				t[k] = param
    				return param
    			end
    		})
    	end
    	
    	msg = msg:gsub('${(%u+)}', self._params)
    	return msg
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeCurrentVersionParameter()
    	-- A link to the page history or the move log, depending on the kind of
    	-- protection.
    	local pagename = self._protectionObj.title.prefixedText
    	if self._protectionObj.action == 'move' then
    		-- We need the move log link.
    		return makeFullUrl(
    			'Special:Log',
    			{type = 'move', page = pagename},
    			self:_getExpandedMessage('current-version-move-display')
    		)
    	else
    		-- We need the history link.
    		return makeFullUrl(
    			pagename,
    			{action = 'history'},
    			self:_getExpandedMessage('current-version-edit-display')
    		)
    	end
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeEditRequestParameter()
    	local mEditRequest = require('Module:Submit an edit request')
    	local action = self._protectionObj.action
    	local level = self._protectionObj.level
    	
    	-- Get the edit request type.
    	local requestType
    	if action == 'edit' then
    		if level == 'autoconfirmed' then
    			requestType = 'semi'
    		elseif level == 'extendedconfirmed' then
    			requestType = 'extended'
    		elseif level == 'templateeditor' then
    			requestType = 'template'
    		end
    	end
    	requestType = requestType or 'full'
    	
    	-- Get the display value.
    	local display = self:_getExpandedMessage('edit-request-display')
    
    	return mEditRequest._link{type = requestType, display = display}
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeExpiryParameter()
    	local expiry = self._protectionObj.expiry
    	if type(expiry) == 'number' then
    		return self:_formatDate(expiry)
    	else
    		return expiry
    	end
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeExplanationBlurbParameter()
    	-- Cover special cases first.
    	if self._protectionObj.title.namespace == 8 then
    		-- MediaWiki namespace
    		return self:_getExpandedMessage('explanation-blurb-nounprotect')
    	end
    
    	-- Get explanation blurb table keys
    	local action = self._protectionObj.action
    	local level = self._protectionObj.level
    	local talkKey = self._protectionObj.title.isTalkPage and 'talk' or 'subject'
    
    	-- Find the message in the explanation blurb table and substitute any
    	-- parameters.
    	local explanations = self._cfg.explanationBlurbs
    	local msg
    	if explanations[action][level] and explanations[action][level][talkKey] then
    		msg = explanations[action][level][talkKey]
    	elseif explanations[action][level] and explanations[action][level].default then
    		msg = explanations[action][level].default
    	elseif explanations[action].default and explanations[action].default[talkKey] then
    		msg = explanations[action].default[talkKey]
    	elseif explanations[action].default and explanations[action].default.default then
    		msg = explanations[action].default.default
    	else
    		error(string.format(
    			'could not find explanation blurb for action "%s", level "%s" and talk key "%s"',
    			action,
    			level,
    			talkKey
    		), 8)
    	end
    	return self:_substituteParameters(msg)
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeImageLinkParameter()
    	local imageLinks = self._cfg.imageLinks
    	local action = self._protectionObj.action
    	local level = self._protectionObj.level
    	local msg
    	if imageLinks[action][level] then
    		msg = imageLinks[action][level]
    	elseif imageLinks[action].default then
    		msg = imageLinks[action].default
    	else
    		msg = imageLinks.edit.default
    	end
    	return self:_substituteParameters(msg)
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeIntroBlurbParameter()
    	if self._protectionObj:isTemporary() then
    		return self:_getExpandedMessage('intro-blurb-expiry')
    	else
    		return self:_getExpandedMessage('intro-blurb-noexpiry')
    	end
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeIntroFragmentParameter()
    	if self._protectionObj:isTemporary() then
    		return self:_getExpandedMessage('intro-fragment-expiry')
    	else
    		return self:_getExpandedMessage('intro-fragment-noexpiry')
    	end
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makePagetypeParameter()
    	local pagetypes = self._cfg.pagetypes
    	return pagetypes[self._protectionObj.title.namespace]
    		or pagetypes.default
    		or error('no default pagetype defined', 8)
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeProtectionBlurbParameter()
    	local protectionBlurbs = self._cfg.protectionBlurbs
    	local action = self._protectionObj.action
    	local level = self._protectionObj.level
    	local msg
    	if protectionBlurbs[action][level] then
    		msg = protectionBlurbs[action][level]
    	elseif protectionBlurbs[action].default then
    		msg = protectionBlurbs[action].default
    	elseif protectionBlurbs.edit.default then
    		msg = protectionBlurbs.edit.default
    	else
    		error('no protection blurb defined for protectionBlurbs.edit.default', 8)
    	end
    	return self:_substituteParameters(msg)
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeProtectionDateParameter()
    	local protectionDate = self._protectionObj.protectionDate
    	if type(protectionDate) == 'number' then
    		return self:_formatDate(protectionDate)
    	else
    		return protectionDate
    	end
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeProtectionLevelParameter()
    	local protectionLevels = self._cfg.protectionLevels
    	local action = self._protectionObj.action
    	local level = self._protectionObj.level
    	local msg
    	if protectionLevels[action][level] then
    		msg = protectionLevels[action][level]
    	elseif protectionLevels[action].default then
    		msg = protectionLevels[action].default
    	elseif protectionLevels.edit.default then
    		msg = protectionLevels.edit.default
    	else
    		error('no protection level defined for protectionLevels.edit.default', 8)
    	end
    	return self:_substituteParameters(msg)
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeProtectionLogParameter()
    	local pagename = self._protectionObj.title.prefixedText
    	if self._protectionObj.action == 'autoreview' then
    		-- We need the pending changes log.
    		return makeFullUrl(
    			'Special:Log',
    			{type = 'stable', page = pagename},
    			self:_getExpandedMessage('pc-log-display')
    		)
    	else
    		-- We need the protection log.
    		return makeFullUrl(
    			'Special:Log',
    			{type = 'protect', page = pagename},
    			self:_getExpandedMessage('protection-log-display')
    		)
    	end
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeTalkPageParameter()
    	return string.format(
    		'[[%s:%s#%s|%s]]',
    		mw.site.namespaces[self._protectionObj.title.namespace].talk.name,
    		self._protectionObj.title.text,
    		self._args.section or 'top',
    		self:_getExpandedMessage('talk-page-link-display')
    	)
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeTooltipBlurbParameter()
    	if self._protectionObj:isTemporary() then
    		return self:_getExpandedMessage('tooltip-blurb-expiry')
    	else
    		return self:_getExpandedMessage('tooltip-blurb-noexpiry')
    	end
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeTooltipFragmentParameter()
    	if self._protectionObj:isTemporary() then
    		return self:_getExpandedMessage('tooltip-fragment-expiry')
    	else
    		return self:_getExpandedMessage('tooltip-fragment-noexpiry')
    	end
    end
    
    function Blurb:_makeVandalTemplateParameter()
    	return mw.getCurrentFrame():expandTemplate{
    		title="vandal-m",
    		args={self._args.user or self._protectionObj.title.baseText}
    	}
    end
    
    -- Public methods --
    
    function Blurb:makeBannerText(key)
    	-- Validate input.
    	if not key or not Blurb.bannerTextFields[key] then
    		error(string.format(
    			'"%s" is not a valid banner config field',
    			tostring(key)
    		), 2)
    	end
    
    	-- Generate the text.
    	local msg = self._protectionObj.bannerConfig[key]
    	if type(msg) == 'string' then
    		return self:_substituteParameters(msg)
    	elseif type(msg) == 'function' then
    		msg = msg(self._protectionObj, self._args)
    		if type(msg) ~= 'string' then
    			error(string.format(
    				'bad output from banner config function with key "%s"'
    					.. ' (expected string, got %s)',
    				tostring(key),
    				type(msg)
    			), 4)
    		end
    		return self:_substituteParameters(msg)
    	end
    end
    
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    -- BannerTemplate class
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    local BannerTemplate = {}
    BannerTemplate.__index = BannerTemplate
    
    function BannerTemplate.new(protectionObj, cfg)
    	local obj = {}
    	obj._cfg = cfg
    
    	-- Set the image filename.
    	local imageFilename = protectionObj.bannerConfig.image
    	if imageFilename then
    		obj._imageFilename = imageFilename
    	else
    		-- If an image filename isn't specified explicitly in the banner config,
    		-- generate it from the protection status and the namespace.
    		local action = protectionObj.action
    		local level = protectionObj.level
    		local namespace = protectionObj.title.namespace
    		local reason = protectionObj.reason
    		
    		-- Deal with special cases first.
    		if (
    			namespace == 10
    			or namespace == 828
    			or reason and obj._cfg.indefImageReasons[reason]
    			)
    			and action == 'edit'
    			and level == 'sysop'
    			and not protectionObj:isTemporary()
    		then
    			-- Fully protected modules and templates get the special red "indef"
    			-- padlock.
    			obj._imageFilename = obj._cfg.msg['image-filename-indef']
    		else
    			-- Deal with regular protection types.
    			local images = obj._cfg.images
    			if images[action] then
    				if images[action][level] then
    					obj._imageFilename = images[action][level]
    				elseif images[action].default then
    					obj._imageFilename = images[action].default
    				end
    			end
    		end
    	end
    	return setmetatable(obj, BannerTemplate)
    end
    
    function BannerTemplate:renderImage()
    	local filename = self._imageFilename
    		or self._cfg.msg['image-filename-default']
    		or 'Transparent.gif'
    	return makeFileLink{
    		file = filename,
    		size = (self.imageWidth or 20) .. 'px',
    		alt = self._imageAlt,
    		link = self._imageLink,
    		caption = self.imageCaption
    	}
    end
    
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    -- Banner class
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    local Banner = setmetatable({}, BannerTemplate)
    Banner.__index = Banner
    
    function Banner.new(protectionObj, blurbObj, cfg)
    	local obj = BannerTemplate.new(protectionObj, cfg) -- This doesn't need the blurb.
    	obj.imageWidth = 40
    	obj.imageCaption = blurbObj:makeBannerText('alt') -- Large banners use the alt text for the tooltip.
    	obj._reasonText = blurbObj:makeBannerText('text')
    	obj._explanationText = blurbObj:makeBannerText('explanation')
    	obj._page = protectionObj.title.prefixedText -- Only makes a difference in testing.
    	return setmetatable(obj, Banner)
    end
    
    function Banner:__tostring()
    	-- Renders the banner.
    	makeMessageBox = makeMessageBox or require('Module:Message box').main
    	local reasonText = self._reasonText or error('no reason text set', 2)
    	local explanationText = self._explanationText
    	local mbargs = {
    		page = self._page,
    		type = 'protection',
    		image = self:renderImage(),
    		text = string.format(
    			"'''%s'''%s",
    			reasonText,
    			explanationText and '<br />' .. explanationText or ''
    		)
    	}
    	return makeMessageBox('mbox', mbargs)
    end
    
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    -- Padlock class
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    local Padlock = setmetatable({}, BannerTemplate)
    Padlock.__index = Padlock
    
    function Padlock.new(protectionObj, blurbObj, cfg)
    	local obj = BannerTemplate.new(protectionObj, cfg) -- This doesn't need the blurb.
    	obj.imageWidth = 20
    	obj.imageCaption = blurbObj:makeBannerText('tooltip')
    	obj._imageAlt = blurbObj:makeBannerText('alt')
    	obj._imageLink = blurbObj:makeBannerText('link')
    	obj._indicatorName = cfg.padlockIndicatorNames[protectionObj.action]
    		or cfg.padlockIndicatorNames.default
    		or 'pp-default'
    	return setmetatable(obj, Padlock)
    end
    
    function Padlock:__tostring()
    	local frame = mw.getCurrentFrame()
    	-- The nowiki tag helps prevent whitespace at the top of articles.
    	return frame:extensionTag{name = 'nowiki'} .. frame:extensionTag{
    		name = 'indicator',
    		args = {name = self._indicatorName},
    		content = self:renderImage()
    	}
    end
    
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    -- Exports
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    local p = {}
    
    function p._exportClasses()
    	-- This is used for testing purposes.
    	return {
    		Protection = Protection,
    		Blurb = Blurb,
    		BannerTemplate = BannerTemplate,
    		Banner = Banner,
    		Padlock = Padlock,
    	}
    end
    
    function p._main(args, cfg, title)
    	args = args or {}
    	cfg = cfg or require(CONFIG_MODULE)
    
    	local protectionObj = Protection.new(args, cfg, title)
    
    	local ret = {}
    
    	-- If a page's edit protection is equally or more restrictive than its
    	-- protection from some other action, then don't bother displaying anything
    	-- for the other action (except categories).
    	if not yesno(args.catonly) and (protectionObj.action == 'edit' or
    		args.demolevel or
    		not getReachableNodes(
    			cfg.hierarchy,
    			protectionObj.level
    		)[effectiveProtectionLevel('edit', protectionObj.title)])
    	then
    		-- Initialise the blurb object
    		local blurbObj = Blurb.new(protectionObj, args, cfg)
    	
    		-- Render the banner
    		if protectionObj:shouldShowLock() then
    			ret[#ret + 1] = tostring(
    				(yesno(args.small) and Padlock or Banner)
    				.new(protectionObj, blurbObj, cfg)
    			)
    		end
    	end
    
    	-- Render the categories
    	if yesno(args.category) ~= false then
    		ret[#ret + 1] = protectionObj:makeCategoryLinks()
    	end
    	
    	return table.concat(ret)	
    end
    
    function p.main(frame, cfg)
    	cfg = cfg or require(CONFIG_MODULE)
    
    	-- Find default args, if any.
    	local parent = frame.getParent and frame:getParent()
    	local defaultArgs = parent and cfg.wrappers[parent:getTitle():gsub('/sandbox$', '')]
    
    	-- Find user args, and use the parent frame if we are being called from a
    	-- wrapper template.
    	getArgs = getArgs or require('Module:Arguments').getArgs
    	local userArgs = getArgs(frame, {
    		parentOnly = defaultArgs,
    		frameOnly = not defaultArgs
    	})
    
    	-- Build the args table. User-specified args overwrite default args.
    	local args = {}
    	for k, v in pairs(defaultArgs or {}) do
    		args[k] = v
    	end
    	for k, v in pairs(userArgs) do
    		args[k] = v
    	end
    	return p._main(args, cfg)
    end
    
    return p
    
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